Red Fox Illustration

Animal Facts

The smallest of the canines in the area, foxes typically weigh around 10 pounds. Unlike their larger cousins, wolves and coyotes, foxes are omnivorous: they will prey on smaller animals, but will also eat some plants. Also unlike the larger canids, foxes rarely howl or live in groups. Typically solitary, their sounds are more bark-like. With reddish fur and black “socks,” foxes can be seen in sage flats, grasslands or in forested areas.

The average lifespan of a fox is three to seven years. Some can live as long as 11 years. Like their canine relatives, wolves and coyotes, they mate in late winter/early spring and dig dens where they raise their young. They feed on rodents, birds, and rabbits and will scavenge the carcasses of large animals, usually after wolves or grizzly bears have left the scene. Wolves and coyotes view the fox as a competitor for territory and will kill them if the opportunity arises.

Conservation Challenges

Foxes’ thick and beautiful fur has made them a target of trappers for decades. Wyoming does not even require a license to trap fox, since they are considered common predators, like coyotes. Traps are legal anywhere outside of the national parks and National Elk Refuge at any time. Often, trapped animals suffer for days until a hunter finds and kills them. Traps also frequently injure or kill other non-target species.

Fox by Kent Nelson

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